5 things you need to know about weight loss surgery

Introduction

It’s not always possible to reduce weight through diet and exercise.  Many factors like hormonal imbalance, physical movement restriction due to injury or sickness etc. can make weight loss a tough task. There are surgical procedures that can aid in such situations and in general too for people trying to achieve a healthy weight for their body.

Weight loss in turn also benefits in improving overall health as it helps in controlling diabetes, sleep apnea, hypertension, reduces chances of arthritis and also helps in developing self confidence about personal appearance.

Surgical procedures for weight loss

 There are many surgical procedures available for weight loss and different procedures are suited for different individuals depending upon their condition and certain medical factors.

Let’s discover the five most important things one must know before going for a weight loss surgery. 

Fact 1 – Procedure Options

There are mainly seven different surgical procedures for weight loss. All weight loss surgeries are done with minimally invasive techniques also known as laparoscopic surgery. The most popular bariatric surgery procedures are gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, adjustable gastric band, and biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch.

  • Gastric Sleeve
  • Gastric Bypass
  • Duodenal Switch
  • LAP-BAND®
  • Gastric Balloon
  • vBloc Therapy
  • AspireAssist

Fact 2Weight Loss

Depending on the procedure these surgeries show varying degree of success ranging from 25% to even 90% in removing excess weight.

Fact 3 – What are these different methods for reducing weight

The main method used for reducing weight in these procedures is by Restriction, Malabsorption, & Vagal Nerve Stimulation

Restrictive surgeries reduce the size of stomach thereby reducing the amount of food the stomach can hold. The procedures using this method are Gastric sleeve and LAP-BAND® surgery.

Malabsorptive surgeries on the other hand remove a part of the digestive tract thereby limiting the amount of calories, fat and minerals the body will absorb. The procedures that use malabsorptive method are Gastric bypass and Duodenal switch.

Vagal Nerve Blocking uses electrical stimulations that fool the brain by stopping hunger signals sent from the stomach. The procedure using Vagal Nerve Blocking is vBloc Therapy.

Fact 4 – Who is a candidate for weight loss surgery

The people who qualify for weight loss surgery should have a minimum body mass index of 30 with slight variations for different procedures. They should be qualified fit for weight loss surgery by the concerned gastroenterologist and should be given information on realistic expectations from the surgical procedure.

Fact 5 – Post surgery recovery

Post surgery, the patient is discharged from the hospital within 3 days depending on procedure. They can rejoin work within 2 weeks and full recovery usually takes around 6 weeks. The diet and activity is slowly resumed. Patients are advised to follow healthy eating habits and inculcate healthy daily routine. Swimming and strenuous physical activities can be avoided until the internal stitches have healed properly.

Some patients may face digestion related problems depending on the procedure and their specific condition. If there are signs of infection, difficulty swallowing or nausea and vomiting after the surgery, the patient should immediately contact the hospital and get re-examined.  

Facts You Need to Know about Tuberculosis

The 21st century has witnessed a rise in various medical advancements. We’ve witnessed medical progress yet various bacteria and viruses still remain a challenge. Some of them are extremely harmful while some are completely treatable. One of the most common treatable diseases is Tuberculosis (TB). This disease is till date one of the leading cause of death worldwide. In fact, 2015 witnessed 1.8 million deaths due to Tuberculosis (TB) with India leading the count, followed by Indonesia, China, Nigeria, Pakistan and South Africa.

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infection caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis which essentially affects the pulmonary area (lungs). It is an airborne disease which means – the bacteria spreads through the air from person to person. It is important for people to treat Tuberculosis (TB) properly and immediately otherwise it can become fatal. It may be fatal but Tuberculosis falls under the list of preventable and curable diseases. 

About Tuberculosis:

Despite being a prevalent bacterial disease which affects the lungs there are many facts about TB that remain unknown.  There are two types of TB – latent TB Disease and TB Disease. People with latent TB don’t feel sick, they don’t spread the bacteria nor do they portray symptoms of any kind. With latent TB is essentially when the person has the potential of contracting TB disease. When the bacteria within the body start becoming active and multiply that’s when the person will go from having latent TB infection to TB Disease. 

Signs and Symptoms:

There are various signs and symptoms that victims of TB may display. Noticing these signs and symptoms at an earlier stage helps in a speedy recovery! Understanding the symptoms of TB all lie in understanding which part of the body has been affected. Some common symptoms of TB include:

1)      Weakness or fatigue

2)      Weight loss

3)      No appetite

4)      Chills

5)      Fever

6)      Sweating at night

At the same time, there are specific symptoms for pulmonary TB. Some symptoms of pulmonary TB is as follows: 

1)      Bad Cough lasting over 3 weeks or longer

2)      Pain in the chest

3)      Coughing up blood or phlegm (mucus from deep inside the lungs)

Risk Factors:

There are certain risk factors that increase the probability of contracting TB. Anyone can contract TB as it is an airborne disease but certain people are more at risk of contracting the illness. Some of the risk factors are as follows:

1)      Having a naturally weak immune system.

2)      Being in contact with a person who has recently had TB Disease.

3)      Living or working in an area where it is easy to contract TB Disease.

4)      A person who has been infected with TB bacteria in the last two years is a likely victim of TB disease as well. 

 Treatment:

Fortunately, TB Disease is treatable and curable. According to the WHO, TB disease is treated with a standard 6-month course of 4 antimicrobial drugs but it depends on the severity of the infection. A large number of TB cases have been cured when medicines are provided and taken properly under the advice of the physician.

Fortis Chennai is one of the best pulmonology hospitals in Chennai. Equipped with world-class facilities and knowledgeable experts, we strive to provide only the best treatment possible. Following a patient-centric approach, our aim is to ensure you are treated by only the best regime that would suit your speedy recovery.

It always best to be aware of how TB can spread and infect individuals. People should take preventive measures in the form of hygiene in order to ward off this nasty disease.