It’s not always possible to reduce weight through diet and exercise. Many factors like hormonal imbalance, physical movement restriction due to injury or sickness etc. can make weight loss a tough task. There are surgical procedures that can aid in such situations and in general too for people trying to achieve a healthy weight for their body.
Weight loss in turn also benefits in improving overall health as it helps in controlling diabetes, sleep apnea, hypertension, reduces chances of arthritis and also helps in developing self confidence about personal appearance.
Surgical procedures for weight loss
There are many surgical procedures available for weight loss and different procedures are suited for different individuals depending upon their condition and certain medical factors.
Let’s discover the five most important things one must know before going for a weight loss surgery.
Fact 1 – Procedure Options
There are mainly seven different surgical procedures for weight loss. All weight loss surgeries are done with minimally invasive techniques also known as laparoscopic surgery. The most popular bariatric surgery procedures are gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, adjustable gastric band, and biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch.
- Gastric Sleeve
- Gastric Bypass
- Duodenal Switch
- Gastric Balloon
- vBloc Therapy
Fact 2 – Weight Loss
Depending on the procedure these surgeries show varying degree of success ranging from 25% to even 90% in removing excess weight.
Fact 3 – What are these different methods for reducing weight
The main method used for reducing weight in these procedures is by Restriction, Malabsorption, & Vagal Nerve Stimulation
Restrictive surgeries reduce the size of stomach thereby reducing the amount of food the stomach can hold. The procedures using this method are Gastric sleeve and LAP-BAND® surgery.
Malabsorptive surgeries on the other hand remove a part of the digestive tract thereby limiting the amount of calories, fat and minerals the body will absorb. The procedures that use malabsorptive method are Gastric bypass and Duodenal switch.
Vagal Nerve Blocking uses electrical stimulations that fool the brain by stopping hunger signals sent from the stomach. The procedure using Vagal Nerve Blocking is vBloc Therapy.
Fact 4 – Who is a candidate for weight loss surgery
The people who qualify for weight loss surgery should have a minimum body mass index of 30 with slight variations for different procedures. They should be qualified fit for weight loss surgery by the concerned gastroenterologist and should be given information on realistic expectations from the surgical procedure.
Fact 5 – Post surgery recovery
Post surgery, the patient is discharged from the hospital within 3 days depending on procedure. They can rejoin work within 2 weeks and full recovery usually takes around 6 weeks. The diet and activity is slowly resumed. Patients are advised to follow healthy eating habits and inculcate healthy daily routine. Swimming and strenuous physical activities can be avoided until the internal stitches have healed properly.
Some patients may face digestion related problems depending on the procedure and their specific condition. If there are signs of infection, difficulty swallowing or nausea and vomiting after the surgery, the patient should immediately contact the hospital and get re-examined.