Blood Disorders – Symptoms & Treatments

Blood is essential to all living organisms. The blood that flows through our body delivers all the necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and takes all the waste products away from the cells. The blood pumped by the heart transports oxygen to various parts of the body. Blood is produced in the bone marrow, and there are three major components of blood – Red blood cells (responsible for carrying oxygen-rich blood), White blood cells (responsible for fighting off infections) and Platelets (responsible for helping blood to clot). 

In 2011, approximately 5% of the world carried the trait genes for haemoglobin disorders, mainly, sickle-cell disease and thalassemia, according to the World Health Organisation. Nearly 300,000 babies are born with severe haemoglobin disorders every year. Blood diseases affect your whole body and prevent it from functioning to its optimal level. Some disorder can be acute while others can be chronic; at times they may be inherited. Following are the symptoms and types of Blood Disorders. 

 

 Symptoms of Blood Disorders:

  • A decrease of haemoglobin and red blood cells can cause fatigue, weakness and shortness of breath.
  • A decrease in the number of white blood cells or immune system proteins can lead recurrent infections and fevers.
  • A decrease in platelets or blood clotting factors can lead to abnormal bruising and excessive bleeding.
  • An increase in the number of red blood cells can cause headaches and bring about a red complexion.
  • An increase in the number of white blood cells can cause the blood to thicken.
  • An increase in the number of platelets can lead to excessive blood clotting.  

 Types of Blood Disorders: 

  • Anemia:

Anaemia occurs when there is a decrease in the number of red blood cells or when the red blood cells do not function properly. Some symptoms of severe anaemia are as follows – fatigue, pale skin, shortness of breath, fast or irregular heartbeat, pounding in your ears, headache, cold hands or feet, pale or yellow skin and chest pain. There are several types of anaemia namely, iron-deficiency anaemia, pernicious anaemia, aplastic anaemia, sickle cell anaemia, and chronic anaemia. 

  • Bleeding Disorders:

A group of disorder that cause inappropriate bleeding falls under bleeding disorder. It is a major disorder because blood is unable to clot properly. When blood clots under normal circumstance; the platelets stick together at the site of the injured blood vessel. Excessive blood clotting can lead to the development of heart strokes and heart attack whereas little clotting can also be dangerous. The most common type of bleeding disorder is Hemophilia. In this disorder blood does not clot properly, therefore, any cut or injury carries the risk of excessive bleeding. People with Hemophilia may suffer from internal bleeding that can damage joints, organs, and tissues over time.

  • Blood Cancers:

Blood cancers normally affect the production and functioning of the blood cells. Cancer can originate from the bone marrow; the part of the body responsible for the production of blood.  In blood cancer, normal blood cell development is disrupted by the untamed growth of an abnormal type of blood cell. These cancerous or abnormal blood cells prevent the blood from performing its function like controlling serious bleeding or fighting off infections. Three of the most common types of blood cancers are – leukaemia, lymphoma, and myeloma.

Haematology is the study of blood in health and disease. Some of the factors this branch specialise in problems with the red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, blood vessels and bone marrow to name a few. Fortis Chennai constitutes of some of the best Haematologist in Chennai. The Hematology department at Fortis Chennai has proven to be one of the best with well-versed haematologists and well state facilities.

If you’ve been experiencing any of the following symptoms it’s always best to consult a doctor as soon as possible. A healthy body leads to a healthy mind.