Nutritional Deficiencies During Pregnancy

One of the most special and unique bonds is that of mother and child. The bond begins right at conception and continues to grow after the child is born. The unborn child is dependent on the mother in the womb for its nutrition and oxygen.

Pregnancy is an extremely important period in a new mother’s life. Everything the mother does impact the unborn fetus in the womb; so mothers have to take extremely good care of their health during and after pregnancy. The nutrition intake of the mother will affect the development of the child in the womb. 

Around 24% of babies worldwide are born with a low birth weight due to lack of proper nutrition during pregnancy. The demand for nutrition increases during the course of a pregnancy and insufficient nutrition can have long-term and short-term effects on the developing fetus in the womb. In order to avoid complications, it is important to ensure that balanced nutrition is maintained through dietary or supplements (under the advice of the doctor). Here are a few deficiencies that most pregnant women face and should keep a look out for.

Common Deficiencies Among Pregnant Women 

Iron 

This is the most used mineral in the body. It is used to make hemoglobin (a protein in the red blood cells that carries oxygen to your tissues). Pregnancy increases the volume of blood present in the body in order to accommodate the changes within the body as well as help the developing baby create its own blood supply. Iron deficiencies can lead to the onset of auditory nervous system development, making it difficult to comprehend sound. 

Calcium

This a very important mineral for making bones stronger. Your developing baby requires calcium for the development of strong teeth. It ensures that your nervous system, muscles the and circulation are at its peak. Research suggests that calcium deficiency in mothers can lead to the development of high blood pressure in the newborn. 

 Vitamin D

Vitamin D plays an extremely important role in the development of the baby’s bones and teeth. A lack or deficiency of Vitamin D can lead to abnormal bone growth, fractures, or rickets in newborns. The best intake of Vitamin D is through fatty fish. 

Zinc

One essential mineral that plays an impact role in all stages of pregnancy is zinc. It is easily found in beef, crabmeat, fortified cereals, nuts and beans. Research suggests the inadequate levels of zinc can lead to miscarriage in the early stages of pregnancy. This mineral also plays an important role in the construction of the babies DNA. 

Iodine

Idoine is necessary for the production of thyroid hormones. During pregnancy, thyroid hormone production increases by 50%. A deficiency in Iodine during pregnancy lead to decreased intellect in children.

DHA/Omega-3 fatty acids

The omega-3 fatty acid that helps your baby’s brain development. It helps the baby gain a better attention span and a greater learning capacity. A deficiency if the same can lead to low birth weight and make the mother more susceptible to maternal depression after pregnancy.

The most important thing for pregnant women to keep in mind is to always consult a  Gynaecologist Specialist. Fortis Malar is known to be one of the Best Gynecology Hospitals in Chennai. With the most experienced specialists and state-of-the-art facilities, the health of the mother and the baby are in safe hands.

 These vitamins and minerals are primary requirements of a pregnant mother’s diet. There are many more vitamins and minerals that mothers need to intake in order to ensure that their baby is developing in a healthy manner