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Best Dental Hospital in Chennai

Dental Sciences

Introduction
Your teeth are an essential part of your body. It cannot regenerate if you lose it somehow. Hence, it is critical that you take good care of it.


What are Dental Sciences?
Dental Sciences is a field of medicine that includes the analysis, identification, prevention and treatment of conditions, diseases and disorders relating to the oral cavity, more common in the dentition along with the oral mucosa, adjacent and relevant structures and tissues, specifically in the jaw and facial area. Even though, the mass population, at large, only limits dental sciences to the teeth, dentistry is a division of medicine that also includes supplementary factors such as the craniofacial complex consisting of the temporomandibular joint and other supporting, muscular, lymphatic, nervous, vascular, and anatomical structures.

Dental Sciences – Areas of Care
To ensure that your optimal oral health, you need to go for regular dental visits. Early detection and timely treatment for a number of oral health problems ranging from tooth decay to oral cancer are curable in the expert hands of dentists. There is a number of areas of care that our team is experienced in handling, including: 

Orthodontists

  • Implants and the implant-supported prosthesis is an orthodontic process involving the bones
  • Apicoectomy is a process where the underlying bone structure is removed
  •  Extraction is the removal of diseased, redundant or a problematic tooth either through a process of cutting out or pulling. Local or general anaesthesia may be applied on a case to case basis
  • Fiberotomy severs the fibres surrounding the tooth, avoiding any further relapse

 An endodontist is a type of dental surgery that involves the root and the pulp of the tooth
  Root canal

  • Pulpotomy is generally a precursor to a root canal performed on the opening of the pulp chamber of the tooth that permits the infection to drain out
  • Pulpectomy is also done prior to performing a root canal to remove the pulp from the pulp chamber to relieve the pain temporarily
  • Apicoectomy is a resection on the root end. In some cases, a root canal by itself is not enough to minimise the pain. Therefore, the apex, which is the end of the tooth may be removed by way of entering via the gingiva and extracting diseased material through a surgical procedure. 

  A prosthodontist is basically dental prosthetics

  •  Crown is the process of artificially causing the tooth that has been structured from a number of biocompatible constituents  Veneers are the procedure where only the   labial and buccal surface of the tooth is artificially covered
  •  Bridge connects two or more crowns through a fixed prosthesis, especially if there is a missing tooth or a tooth that requires replacement
  •  The implant is the process of inserting a titanium implant on the bone through a surgical operation. It typically takes 4 to 6 months for the implant to heal which is then followed by a procedure of artificially implanting a tooth by cement or is retained via a screw
  •   Dentures use metal or plastic grasps or are fixed to the gingival or palatal surface to attach with a neighbouring tooth a partial or complete set of dentitions with the help of adhesive
  • Implant supported prosthetics is a combination of dentures and implants where the base is placed on the bone. Post-healing, with the assistance of metal appliances which are affixed to the gingival surface. The dentures are then placed on top of each other or are fixed into place. 

  Periodontist supports the teeth structures along with any diseases and conditions that impact them in any way

Symptoms of Dental Problems

Routine visits to the dentist, typically twice in a year will permit the dentist to identify any oral diseases, particularly if you are undergoing continuing symptoms. 
Familiar symptoms of dental conditions consist of:

  • If you suffer from persisting ulcers, sores or tender regions in the mouth region that are not healing even after a week or two
  • If you note any inflammation in the gums or notice any bleeding after flossing or brushing
  • If you detect perpetual bad breath
  • If your gums abruptly turn sensitive to hot and cold temperatures or beverages
  • If there is incessant pain or a toothache
  • If you are losing teeth without any probable cause
  • If you go through receding gums
  • If you become aware of ache whilst biting or chewing
  • If you see any swelling in the face and cheek zones
  • If the jaws begin to click 
  • If you note cracked or broken teeth
  • If you experience dry mouth recurrently

Common Dental Conditions

If your teeth are not cared for properly, it can lead to several dental conditions. Prevention of most dental complaints is doable by following oral hygiene. Nevertheless, it is rather probable that you may experience at least one or more of these dental ailments in your lifespan. 

•  Cavities
Caries or tooth decay are regularly represented to as cavities and are a fairly common dental disorder. Ordinarily, the parts of teeth impacted by cavities have endured permanent damage and quite possibly may have holes in them. Bacteria, food and acid coating of your teeth may also result in the formation of plaque that in turn causes cavities. The enamel of your teeth gets eaten away by this plaque, exposing the dentin or connective tissue that lies beneath the enamel. Over a long period of time, it can spearhead permanent damage. 

•  Gum disease or Gingivitis
Any swelling in the gums is called gingivitis or gum disease. It normally occurs due to the formation of plaque up on your teeth due to poor practices of brushing or flossing the teeth. Gum disorders may lead to inflammation and bleeding of the gums, predominantly when you brush or floss. If the condition remains untreated for long, it can lead to a more serious infection known as periodontitis. 

•  Periodontitis
If the infection takes a critical direction, it can permeate into the jaw and the bones. This may furthermore be the cause of inflammatory response mechanisms throughout the body. 

•  Cracked or broken teeth
There are numerous issues, for example, mouth injury, chewing hard foods, teeth grinding at night that may result in a tooth cracking or breaking. An instantaneous visit to the dentist has suggested if such a state takes place. 

Sensitive teeth
You may encounter discomfort or pain after consuming any hot or cold foods or beverages pointing towards a sensitive teeth condition. Sensitive teeth may also arise as a result of the following:

  • Be affected by a root canal or filling
  • Experience gum disease
  • Note any receding gums
  • See cracked tooth
  • Have had fillings or crowns that have been worn down

Having a thin enamel may make your teeth naturally sensitive. Nonetheless, this can be treated with bringing about a variation in your daily oral hygiene and practise.  

Oral cancer
There are a number of oral cancers that can develop comprising of:

  • Gums
  • Tongue
  • Lips
  • Cheek
  •  the floor of the mouth
  •  hard and soft palate

The first signs of oral cancer may be identified by the dentist. With a rising use of tobacco, such as smoking and chewing tobacco are some of biggest factors leading to oral cancer. 

Diagnosis

Dental examinations are the best methods of detecting any dental or oral diseases. Largely, a dentist, during a consultation, will closely examine your:

  • teeth
  • mouth
  • throat
  • tongue
  • cheeks
  • jaw
  • neck

The dentist is able to initiate the process of diagnosing your dental condition begins by scraping or tapping at your teeth with multiple instruments and tools. In addition to that, you may be asked to have dental x-rays taken through which the visual images of your teeth are portrayed. Then again, if you are pregnant, you must appraise your dentist as x-rays are not advised within the duration of the pregnancy. 


An instrument known as the probe is used to measure your gum pockets. With the help of this tiny ruler like an instrument, detection of any type of gum disease or receding gums is possible. The broad range acceptable is between 1 to 3 mm in the depth of the pockets, between the teeth in a healthy mouth. It is a clear indication of gum disease if the results come back with anything higher than the given range. 

If there is a presence of any anomalous lumps, lesions, growths in your mouth, your dentist may propose a gum biopsy. During the biopsy process, a microscopic fraction of the tissue is taken from the lesion or growth. Under laboratory conditions, the collected sample is subsequently sent for a thorough examination via which the detection of any malignant cells is made certain. 
More diagnostics testing may be requested comprising of imaging tests if the biopsy report indicates oral cancer. To check if cancer has proliferated, additional screenings that will be recommended are:
• X-ray
• MRI scan
• CT scan
• Endoscopy

Treatment
Apart from practising good oral health, it is a good habit to go for professional teeth cleaning, bi-annually, if possible. Your dentist may advise the following treatments if there are signs of gum disease, infections or any other dental problems.

•  Cleaning
Everyday brushing or flossing cannot remove plaque and tartar. This can be accomplished with the help of professional dental cleaning. Your dentist may specify scaling and root planning that is able to get rid of tartar from above and below the gum line if you need a deep cleaning. 

•  Fluoride Treatments
In order to battle cavities, fluoride treatment may be applied by your dentist as it is a naturally occurring mineral. Making the teeth bacteria and acid resilient, it also helps in strengthening the tooth enamel. 

•  Antibiotics
Antibiotics may be prescribed to get the infection under control in the case of gum infection or a tooth abscess, especially if it has spread to other teeth or jaw. The medication may be in the form of a mouth rinse, gel, oral tablets or capsule. 

•  Fillings, Crowns & Sealants
Fillings may be used to repair a cavity, crack or hole in the tooth. Using a drill, the damaged area of the tooth will be removed, and the hole will be filled with either amalgam or composite. 

A crown may be implemented here if a larger portion of the teeth required removal or has broken off as a result of an injury. An implant crown and a regular crown are two types of a crown. The gap where the natural tooth was located may be filled in by either type of crown.

Dental sealants, which are typically thin, protective coatings may be used by placing them on the back teeth to prevent cavities. 

•  Root Canal
A root canal that is able to reach all the way inside the tooth, until the nerve may be needed if there is tooth decay. The nerve is removed, and the gap is filled with a material known as the gutta-percha and adhesive cement, during the procedure.

Dental Surgery
Surgeries may have to be performed to treat more serious dental conditions. Various forms of dental surgeries include:

  • Flap surgery
  • Bone grafting
  • Soft tissue grafts
  • Tooth extraction
  • Dental implants

Maintaining your oral hygiene requires a daily commitment. You must use a mouth wash, oral rinses, etc. apart from properly brushing and flossing your teeth as part of your daily dental routine.

About the Department

From the first time that you visit the Department of Dental Care at the Fortis Hospital in Chennai, our dentists are dedicated to offer you individualised attention and endeavour to provide tailor-made oral health care personalised to meet your distinct dental requirements and objectives. Our expert dentists are committed to creating a tension-free and relaxed dental experience. Our top priority is our patient’s health and comfort. We strive to do everything that it takes to assist each and every patient to have a clear and comprehensive understanding of their dental symptoms and possible treatment avenues in a comfortable, state-of-the-art facility. 

At Fortis, we aim to educate and offer the best possible dental care for those patients who choose to partner with us in their dental treatments. Our team of skilled dentists will provide patients with the necessary information required to maintain healthy teeth and gums. Creating the awareness on continuing the maintenance of optimal oral health for our patients gives us immense satisfaction. Towards that, we have a committed preventive care team to assist and support our patients. 

Laying the foundation for quality dental care lies in prevention. Our dedicated support team are there to assist patients and look after their valuable smiles at every stage of their lives. Through a series of comprehensive screenings and examinations, our diagnostic centre at Fortis Hospital is able to detect dental issues at early stages. Treatment options help to revitalize hygiene and getting rid of tooth decay-causing plaque and tartar. 

Our goal is to achieve quality dental care so that our patients are able to have the healthiest gums along with a beautiful smile. Be it implants, teeth whitening, crowns or preventive care, the Department of Dental Care at Fortis Hospital in Chennai can offer its patients the best and latest in dental technology and treatment options. Our welcoming and knowledgeable team is devoted to patient well-being and quality care.
 

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Dr. Nanda Kumar N

Dr. Nanda Kumar N

Consultant Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeon

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