Cardiac problems that require emergency intervention
Coronary Artery Disease is the most talked about Cardiac Emergency because of Heart Attack. Angina or Chest Pain is the commonest symptom of Coronary Artery Disease. Reduced blood flow to the Myocardium is the major cause of such emergency.
Arrhythmia is abnormality in the electrical activity controlling the rhythm of the heartbeat. VT, VF, SVT, Atrial Flutter and Atrial Fibrillation are types of arrhythmia which may turn to be life-threatening.
Heart Failure is the inability of the heart to pump out all the blood that returns to it from the rest of the body. Heart failure like Acute Pulmonary Edema is a life-threatening situation in which the patient suffers extreme shortness of breath.
Cardiogenic Shock leads to decrease in heart pumping capacity and patient may collapse.
Large Pulmonary Embolism is the blockage of the main artery of the lung or one of its branches by a substance that has travelled from elsewhere in the body (commonly from the deep veins of the legs or pelvis) through the bloodstream. In a severe case a patient can lead to collapse, abnormally low blood pressure, and sudden death.
Dissection of Aorta is a medical emergency and can quickly lead to death, even with optimal treatment. If the dissection tears the aorta completely open (through all three layers), massive and rapid blood loss occurs. Aortic dissection present with sudden severe pain between two shoulder blades.
Heart Block is a situation when heart rates become very slow and patient may get unconscious or experience sudden fall with complete blackout.