Neurosurgery is a branch of medicine and field of surgery that offers surgical and non-surgical management in the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, therapy and critical care affecting the central, peripheral and autonomic nervous systems of the human body.
The nervous system functions to coordinate a person’s voluntary and involuntary actions and sends signals to different parts of the body. The nervous system comprises central nervous system (CNS) – consist of the brain and spinal cord and peripheral nervous system (PNS)-comprises the nerve fibers which links CNS to other parts of the body.
The whole neurosurgical treatment process includes invasive and non-invasive management of pain aids in improving the function and activity of the nervous system.
Neurosurgery deals with complete treatment of both adult and pediatric patients with disorders of the nervous system, brain, meninges, skull, blood flow, extracranial carotid, vertebral arteries, conditions affecting pituitary gland, spinal cord, vertebral column and spinal nerves.
Neurosurgery generally involves conservative and invasive management for a spectrum of conditions affecting the brain, spinal cord, and spinal column and peripheral nerves. Some of the most common conditions treated by neurosurgeons include brain tumors, intracranial aneurysms, head injury, spinal canal stenosis, herniated discs, tumors, fractures and spinal deformities.
The recent advancements in the specialty has created path and progression of various subspecialties within the branch of neurosurgery. In few specialties the doctors undergo rigorous training and deeper insights during one-year fellowship programs in neuro-oncology, spinal surgery, epilepsy surgery, functional neurosurgery, cerebrovascular surgery and pediatric surgery.
Vascular neurosurgery involves treatment of disorders related to blood vessels and spinal cord such as brain aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations and spinal arteriovenous fistulas.
Pediatric neurosurgery involves the treatment of conditions affecting likehead injuries,brain and spinal tumors, vascular deformities, and seizures.
Stereotactic neurosurgery is a minimally invasive procedure that locates a small targets inside the body. It usually involves various surgical methods like ablation, biopsy, lesion, injection and radiosurgery.
Oncological neurosurgery involves the treatment of pediatric oncology, benign and malignant central and peripheral nervous system cancers in adults and children including brain stem cancer, spine and nerve cancers.
Skull based neurosurgery involves treatment of conditions affecting spinal cord, nerves, blood vessels of the brain and head and neck opening in the skull.
Spine Neuro Surgery is recommended to reduce pain related to sciatica, disc herniation or degeneration. Spinal stenosis – the narrowing of the enclosed space in the spine in neck and lower back can be effectively treated with this procedure. It is also referred to the patients suffering from instability, scoliosis, trauma, and tumors. The spine neuro surgery helps the patient recover at a faster pace
Peripheral nerve surgery is an expert area in which the specialist treats disorders that are related to trauma caused due to accidents, carpel tunnel syndrome, cubital tunnel syndrome, tarsal tunnel syndrome, schwannoma or neurofibroma tumors. Under this procedure, advanced diagnostic imaging and electrodiagnostic tests are used to assess the severity of the condition and to decide on the further course of action. It helps in minimizing the pain and improves body movements.
Neurosurgery is one of the front-line medical advancement in the field of science and medicine and includes some of the most progressive technologies of treatment options.
The Neuroscience Centre at Fortis offers state of art facility, backed by expert neuro surgeons in treating following conditions :
Stroke (Brain Attack)
Headache and backache
Infections of Brain
Carotid Artery Diseases
Infections of the Spine